Etizolam and Xanax are both treatments for anxiety disorder, often seen in a drug addiction treatment center in North Carolina. The Anxiety and Depression Association of America estimates around 18 percent of the adult population in the U.S. experience anxiety, yet, only 37 percent get treatment. There are many similarities between these two medications and some differences, too. Etizolam vs Xanax: what should you know?
What is Etizolam?
Etizolam is a thienodiazepine, which is a benzodiazepine analog. In other words, chemically, it is slightly different than a benzodiazepine like Xanax. Although not available in the U.S., it is deemed a Schedule 1 drug in some states because it can be found online and on the street as a recreational drug. Etizolam has sedative effects and is a muscle relaxant. It interacts with a neurotransmitter in the central nervous system that controls the firing of neurons. As a result, it is a depressant drug that slows everything down.
Long-term use can lead to blepharospasm or twitching of the eyelids. It may also cause a specific kind of skin lesion, although that is a rare side effect of the drug.
What is Xanax?
Xanax is a short-acting benzodiazepine also used in the treatment of anxiety disorders, specifically panic disorder and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). It is also helpful in the treatment of nausea from chemotherapy.
Like Etizolam, Xanax has a sedative effect but can come with more side effects, including:
- Dry mouth
- Memory problem
- In rare cases, thoughts of suicide.
Etizolam vs Xanax: What are the Similarities?
Both medications treat anxiety and taking them causes relaxation and sedation. They also work the same way — interacting with the primary inhibitory neurotransmitter in the central nervous system — and are depressant drugs.
What is the Difference?
The main difference between these two drugs is availability. Etizolam is only available in Japan and a few other countries. It is not used clinically in the U.S.
Xanax, however, is common in the United States, and there has been an increase in its use in the last decade. In 2006, there were over 15,000,000 Xanax prescriptions issued, compared to 2016, where that number rose to close to 30,000,000.
Etizolam vs Xanax: Abuse Facts
Another commonality between Etizolam and Xanax is their use as a recreational drug. The World Health Organization (WHO) reports in Japan and countries where Etizolam is available, abuse is a regular occurrence. It appears to be on the rise in the U.S., too, according to a 2015 report in the Annals of Emergency Medicine.
Xanax abuse is also an increasing problem. The nation saw a significant increase in Xanax overdose deaths between 1999 and 2015. There has also been an increase in the number of prescriptions for this drug. Many individuals who obtain Xanax legally admit to abusing it.
What is the Treatment for Addiction?
Families dealing with addiction from either drug will want to find a clinically focused, trauma-informed substance abuse treatment center. Since these are street drugs, you may want a treatment center that offers specialized treatment for young adults.
Red Oak Recovery® is the only true hybrid program in the country. They offer wilderness and adventure programs combined with clinical care. Red Oak provides:
- 12-Step addiction recovery
- Adventure-based therapy
- Individual therapy
- Family therapy program
- Young adult rehab program
Red Oak Recovery® offers integrated mental health treatment and flexible lengths of stay, as well. If you or someone you love is suffering from addiction, give us a call today at 866.457.7590. We can help.